It is the oldest native black grape of Piedmont, one of the noblest and most precious of Italy. Its name derives from "fog": according to some because its grapes give the impression of being "clouded", covered by abundant bloom; according to others, however, because the late-ripening grape harvest pushes to the rise of the first mists of autumn. Nebbiolo is able to bear well the labor of centuries, to arrive intact to this day.
Also known as the "queen of black grapes", care needs careful and time-consuming, which is why its cultivation has experienced periods of splendor and obfuscation, but it has never been abandoned by local growers, aware of the high value of the wines made from it. It is very demanding in terms of location and exposure of the soil, treatment and fertilization. The calcareous tufa and are ideal for this vine sprouting prematurely between the middle and the end of April.
Ripens quite late compared to others, in the first half of October. Quite sensitive to sudden temperature takes advantage of fluctuations between day and night during maturation but the wealth of tannins of its skin requires hilly positions well exposed to the sun, preferably south-southwest, between 200 and 450 mt. above sea level, protected from frost and cold spring.
It gives birth to strong wines, rich in alcohol which often better express their characteristics as a result of a slow aging. Depending on the area of cultivation, Nebbiolo gives rise to a number of great red wines of the Piedmont wine pride.
The table shows average figures for the last 5 years.